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Native American Historical Sites In Tennessee

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Middle Tennessee

(Click the site name for more details)

1823 Nashville Toll Bridge Site - The first bridge in Nashville was built over the Cumberland River and opened in 1823. Thousands of Cherokees crossed this bridge on the Trail of Tears in 1838. One of the bridge abutments still stands on the river bank in downtown Nashville.

Chickasaw Treaty Site - In Nashville, Tennessee, the location of treaty negotiations, held in 1783, between the Chickasaw Nation and the early Nashville settlements.

David Crockett State Park - In Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, is named for the Tennessee frontiersman who opposed the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and fought and died at the Alamo in Texas in 1836.

Chickasaw Treaty Council Of 1830 - The first treaty council held under the Indian Removal Act took place in Franklin, Tennessee during the month of August in 1830. The Franklin Masonic Hall, where the Chickasaw delegation met President Andrew Jackson, still stands and is a National Historic Landmark.

Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area - A large, 1,000 year-old Mississippian Period town site located on the Harpeth River in Cheatham County, Tennessee.

Noel Cemetery - The Noel Cemetery was a large Mississippian burial ground that contained an estimated 3,000 graves, located in Nashville, Tennessee.

Old Jefferson - A section of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail crosses the Old Jefferson Site, located on Corps of Engineers property in Rutherford County, near Smyrna, Tennessee.

Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park - A Woodland Period ceremonial enclosure near Manchester, Tennessee, owned by the state and operated as a Tennessee state park.

Port Royal State Park - Once used as an encampment site by the Cherokee on the Trail of Tears, this Tennessee state park is an official site on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. Features "The Trail of Tears" hiking trail, an original, preserved section of the Trail of Tears certified by the National Park Service.

Pulaski / Giles County Trail of Tears Memorial - Located in Pulaski, Tennessee, commemorates the history of the Trail of Tears in the area.

Sellars Farm State Archaeological Area - A Mississippian town site near Lebanon, Tennessee, owned by the state and managed by Long Hunter state park.

Stones River National Battlefield - The Cherokee passed through what is now Stones River National Battlefield in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, during their forced emigration to Indian Territory during the Trail of Tears in 1838. The route through the battlefield is part of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.

Tennessee State Museum - Located in Nashville, Tennessee. Has a permanent exhibit titled "First Tennesseans" with Artifacts from the Paleolithic, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian periods on display.

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail - Starting in East Tennessee, the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail also runs through Middle and West Tennessee.

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Mound Bottom Snow

Mississippian platform mound at Mound Bottom with a light dusting of snow, Harpeth River in the foreground. Cheatham County, Tennessee.